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Anestesia: procedura combinata spinale ed epidurale

Anestesia Rianimazione
Detection of hypotension during Caesarean section with continuous non-invasive arterial pressure device or intermittent oscillometric arterial pressure measurement
Scritto da British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA)   
Anestesia-RianimazioneBackground

The intensified use of spinal anaesthesia (SPA) for Caesarean section significantly contributed to a decreased maternal mortality and morbidity. Nevertheless, one of the major side-effects is hypotension after SPA with po ... ...

 
Difficult arterial cannulation in children: is a near-infrared vascular imaging system the answer
Scritto da British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA)   
Anestesia-RianimazioneBackground

Arterial cannulation is a common anaesthetic procedure that can be challenging and time-consuming in small children. By visualizing the position of the radial artery, near-infrared vascular imaging systems (NIRVISs) might ... ...

 
Effect of dexamethasone on nausea, vomiting, and pain in paediatric tonsillectomy
Scritto da British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA)   
Anestesia-RianimazioneBackground

The efficacy of dexamethasone (DEX) to reduce morbidity after paediatric tonsillectomy remains controversial. We evaluated the effect of 0.15 and 0.5 mg kg–1 DEX on the incidence of postoperative nausea a ... ...

 
Early ultrasonographic detection of low-volume intraneural injection
Scritto da British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA)   
Anestesia-RianimazioneBackground

Intraneural injection of local anaesthetic agents carries a risk of neurological complications. Early detection of intraneural needle-tip position is very important in the initial phase of injection. Ultrasound (US) chara ... ...

 
Randomized controlled trial comparing the McGrath videolaryngoscope with the C-MAC videolaryngoscope in intubating adult patients with potential difficult airways
Scritto da British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA)   
Anestesia-RianimazioneBackground

Difficult and failed intubations, although rarely encountered, are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the current anaesthetic practice. To reduce the incidence of difficult and failed intubations, several devices ... ...

 
Caveolae and propofol effects on airway smooth muscle
Scritto da British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA)   
Anestesia-RianimazioneBackground

The i.v. anaesthetic propofol produces bronchodilatation. Airway relaxation involves reduced intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in airway smooth muscle (ASM) and lipid rafts (caveolae), and cons ... ...

 
Cadaver study of oesophageal insufflation with supraglottic airway devices during positive pressure ventilation in an obstructed airway
Scritto da British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA)   
Anestesia-RianimazioneBackground

Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) play an increasing role in airway management in clinical anaesthesia and emergency medicine. Until now, no data exist concerning the extent of oesophageal insufflation when oropharyngeal ... ...

 
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